More Information on Tourism

India offers a wide range of tropical beaches with silver/golden sand to coral beaches of Lakshadweep. States like Kerala and Goa have exploited the potential of beaches to the fullest. However, there are a lot many unexploited beaches in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharastra, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. . .

Top 10 States of India in Tourism

Share of top 10 states/UTs of India in number of foreign tourist visits in 2011 (provisional)


State/Union Territory


Share in %






Tamil Nadu








Uttar Pradesh








West Bengal
















Himachal Pradesh



Total of top 10 states










Share of top 10 states/UTs of India in number of domestic tourist visits in 2011 (provisional)


State/Union Territory


Share in %


Uttar Pradesh




Andhra Pradesh




Tamil Nadu












Madhya Pradesh












West Bengal







Total of top 10 states










Historic monuments

  • The Taj Mahal is one of India's best-known sites and one of the best architectural achievements in India, located in Agra, Uttar Pradesh. It was built between 1631 and 1653 by Emperor Shah Jahan in honour of his wife, Arjumand Banu, more popularly known as Mumtaz Mahal. The Taj Mahal serves as her tomb.
  • Fatehpur Sikri It was the first planned city of the Mughals and also the first one designed in Mughal architecture, an amalgamation of Indian architecture, Persian and Islamic architecture and was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1986
  • Varanasi The ghats of one of the oldest city of the world
  • The Mahabodhi Temple is a 2000-year-old temple dedicated to Gautam Buddha in Bodh Gaya, Bihar. It is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
  • The Nalanda is located in the Indian State of Bihar, was a Buddhist centre of learning from 427 C.E to 1197 C.E partly under the Pala Empire. It has been called "one of the first great universities in recorded history."

According to historical studies the University of Nalanda was established 450 C.E under the patronage of the Gupta emperors, notably Kumaragupta.

The Victoria Memorial in Kolkata is built in memory of Queen Victoria by the British.

  • The Brihadishwara Temple in Thanjavur, Tamil Nadu built by the Cholas. The temple is one of India's most prized architectural sites.
  • The Airavateswara temple is located in the town of Darasuram, near Kumbakonam, Tamil Nadu
  • The Shore Temple, along with the collection of other monuments in Mahabalipuram, Tamil Nadu have been declared as UNESCO World Heritage Sites
  • The Harmandir Sahib is one of the most respected gurudwara in India and the most sacred place for Sikhs. The gurudwara is located in Amritsar, Punjab, India.
  • The Bahá'í temple in Delhi, was completed in 1986 and serves as the Mother Temple of the Indian Subcontinent. It has won numerous architectural awards and been featured in hundreds of newspaper and magazine articles. (It is also known as the Lotus Temple.)
  • The Hawa Mahal in Jaipur also known as Palace of Winds
  • The Taj Mahal Palace is an icon of Mumbai
  • The Victoria Memorial in Kolkata, built during the British Raj
  • The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus in Mumbai, built for Queen Victoria


The Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus (formerly Victoria Terminus) in Mumbai is a
 train station built in Gothic architecture in honour of Golden Jubilee of Queen Victoria.


Nature tourism

India has geographical diversity, which resulted in varieties of nature tourism.

  • Water falls in Western Ghats & Himalayas including Jog falls (highest in India)
  • Western Ghats
  • Hill Stations
  • Lakes
  • Wildlife reserves
  • Deserts


India has the largest wild population of tigers in the world.

Wildlife in India

The wild population of the endangered Asiatic lions is
restricted to the Gir Forest National Park in western India.

India is home to several well-known large mammals including the Asian Elephant, Bengal Tiger, Asiatic Lion, Leopard and Indian Rhinoceros, often engrained culturally and religiously often being associated with deities. Some other well-known large Indian mammals are ungulates such as the domestic Asian Water buffalo, wild Asian Water buffalo, Nilgai, Gaur and several species of deer and antelope. Some members of the dog family such as the Indian Wolf, Bengal Fox, Golden Jackal and the Dhole or Wild Dogs are also widely distributed. It is also home to the Striped Hyaena, Macaques, Langurs and Mongoose species.

India also has a large variety of protected wildlife. The country's protected forest consists of 75 National parks of India and 421 sanctuaries, of which 19 fall under the purview of Project Tiger. Its climatic and geographic diversity makes it the home of over 350 mammals and 1200 bird species, many of which are unique to the subcontinent.

Some well known national wildlife sanctuaries include Bharatpur, Raiganj, Corbett, Kanha, Kaziranga, Periyar, Ranthambore, Manas and Sariska.

The world's largest mangrove forest Sundarbans is located in southern West Bengal. The Kaziranga National Park, Manas National Park, Sundarbans and Keoladeo National Park are UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Hill stations

A summer view of Khajjiar, a hill station in Himachal Pradesh.

One of the finest hill-stations in India.

Several hill stations served as summer capitals of Indian provinces, princely states, or, in the case of Shimla, of British India itself. Since Indian Independence, the role of these hill stations as summer capitals has largely ended, but many hill stations remain popular summer resorts. Most famous hill stations are:

  • Mount Abu, Rajasthan
  • Pachmarhi, Madhya Pradesh
  • Gulmarg, Srinagar and Ladakh in Jammu and Kashmir
  • Shillong in Meghalaya
  • Darjeeling in West Bengal
  • Shimla, Kullu in Himachal Pradesh
  • Nainital in Uttarakhand
  • Gangtok in Sikkim
  • Mussoorie in Uttarakhand
  • Manali in Himachal Pradesh
  • Tawang in Arunachal Pradesh
  • Mahabaleshwar in Maharashtra
  • Haflong in Assam
  • Araku, Andhra Pradesh
  • Munnar in Kerala
  • Ooty, Yercaud and Kodaikanal in Tamil Nadu
  • Jampui Hills in Tripura
  • Khajiyar in Himachal Pradesh
  • Coorg in Karnataka

In addition to the bustling hill stations and summer capitals of yore, there are several serene and peaceful nature retreats and places of interest to visit for a nature lover. These range from the stunning moonscapes of Leh and Ladhak, to small, exclusive nature retreats such as Dunagiri, Binsar, Mukteshwar in the Himalayas, to rolling vistas of Western Ghats to numerous private retreats in the rolling hills of Kerala.


View of Lake Tsongmo, Sikkim

  • Avalanche Lake
  • Dal Lake
  • Emerald Lake
  • Chandra Taal
  • Nainital Lake
  • Sheshnag Lake
  • Suraj Tal
  • Tso Moriri
  • Tsongmo Lake
  • Pangong Tso
  • Prashar lake
  • Rewalsar lake
  • Bhojtal
  • Loktak lake


Elephants and camel rides are common on Indian beaches.
Shown here is Havelock Island, part of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

India offers a wide range of tropical beaches with silver/golden sand to coral beaches of Lakshadweep. States like Kerala and Goa have exploited the potential of beaches to the fullest. However, there are a lot many unexploited beaches in the states of Andhra Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharastra, Tamil Nadu and Karnataka. These states have very high potential to develop them as future destinations for prospective tourists. Some of the famous tourist beaches are:

  • Beaches of Vizag, Andhra Pradesh
  • Beaches of Puri, Odisha
  • Beaches of Digha, West Bengal
  • Beaches of Goa
  • Kovalam Beach, Kerala
  • Marina Beach, Chennai
  • Elliot's Beach, Chennai
  • City Beach, Pondicherry
  • Beaches of Mahabalipuram
  • Beaches in Mumbai
  • Beaches of Diu
  • Beaches of Midnapore, West Bengal
  • Beaches of Andaman and Nicobar Islands
  • Beaches of Lakshadweep Islands

Adventure tourism

Skiing in Manali, Himachal Pradesh

Due to its diverse geography and a myriad of cultures, coupled with the popularity of adventure sports adventure tourism in India has become quite popular. Backpacking, or light travel, is a popular way to explore India. Many of those who have previously visit will describe the visit as not having been a holiday but an adventure.

  • River rafting and kayaking in Himalayas
  • Mountain climbing in Himalayas
  • Rock climbing in Madhya Pradesh
  • Skiing in Auli and Gulmarg
  • Boat racing in Bhopal
  • Paragliding in Maharashtra


World Heritage Sites

Tourism in India is located in India

Hill Forts of Rajasthan

Employment from tourism

As per the 2nd Tourism Satellite Account of India 2009-10 and subsequent estimation, the contribution of Tourism in employment generation of the country during 2009-10, 201011 and 201112 were 10.2%, 10.8% (Provisional) and 11.5% (Provisional), respectively. The Working Group on Tourism for 12th Five Year Plan, set up by the Planning Commission, has estimated the generation of additional employment of 24.5 million (direct and indirect) during 2010 to 2016.


World Tourism Day


Since 1980, the United Nations World Tourism Organisation has celebrated World Tourism Day on September 27. This date was chosen as on that day in 1970, the Statutes of the UNWTO were adopted. The adoption of these Statutes is considered a milestone in global tourism. The purpose of this day is to raise awareness on the role of tourism within the international community and to demonstrate how it affects social, cultural, political and economic values worldwide.

The Indian Institute of Tourism has been organising the World Tourism Day functions on 27 September every year since inception of the Institute on 27 September 1982. The following themes decided by the United Nations World Tourism Organisation were discussed at length by the policy makers and activists related to tourism :

1982   :     Pride in Travel: Good Guests and Good Hosts

1983   :     Travel and Holidays are a right but also a responsibility for all

1984   :     Tourism for International Understanding, Peace and Cooperation

1985   :     Youth Tourism: Cultural and Historical Heritage for Peace and Friendship

1986   :     Tourism: A Vital Force for World Peace

1987   :     Tourism for Development

1988   :     Tourism: Education for All

1989   :     The Free Movement of Tourists Creates One World

1990   :     Tourism: An Unrecognized Industry, a Service to be Released

1991   :     Communication, Information and Education: Powerlines of Tourism Development

1992   :     Tourism : A Factor of Growing Social and Economic Solidarity and of Encounter between People

1993   :     Tourism Development and Environmental Protection: Towards a Lasting Harmony

1994   :     Quality Staff, Quality Tourism

1995   :     WTO : Serving World Tourism for Twenty Years

1996   :     Tourism : A Factor of Tolerance and Peace

1997   :     Tourism : A Leading Activity of the Twenty-first Century for Job Creation and Environmental Protection

1998   :     Public-Private Sector Partnership : The Key to Tourism Development and Promotion

1999   :     Tourism : Preserving World Heritage for the New Millennium

2000   :     Technology and Nature : Two Challenges for Tourism at the Dawn of the Twenty-First Century

2001   :     Tourism : A Toll for Peace and Dialogue among Civilizations

2002   :     Ecotourism, the Key to Sustainable Development

2003   :     Tourism : A Driving Force for Poverty Alleviation, Job Creation and Social Harmony

2004   :     Sport and Tourism : Two Living Forces for Mutual Understanding, Culture and the Development of Societies

2005   :     Travel and Transport : From Imaginary of Jules Verne to the Reality of the 21st  Century

2006   :     Tourism Enriches

2007   :     Tourism Opens Doors for Women

2008   :     Tourism Responding to the Challenge of Climate Change and Global Warming

2009   :     Tourism - Celebrating Diversity

2010   :     Tourism and Biodiversity

2011   :     Tourism Linking Cultures

2012   :     Tourism and Energetic Sustainability

2013   :     Tourism and Water : Protecting our Common Future

Publications broughT out by the indian institute of tourism

The  Indian Institute of Tourism has brought out the following publications related to tourism, travel, hospitality, hotel management, catering, nutrition, aviation etc. :

1.      Encyclopaedia of Ecotourism

2.      Introduction to Hospitality Administration

3.      Hospitality of the 21st Century

4.      Food Production

5.      Food and Beverage Services

6.      Front Office Management

7.      Catering Technology

8.      Food Processing and Safety

9.      Computers in Hotels

10. HRM for Hospitality Management

11. Brand Management in Hotels

12. Business Solutions Management

13. Hospitality Services Management

14. International Hotel Operations

15. Laws and Ethics and Hotels

16. Hospitality Research

17. Future of Hospitality Administration

18. Housekeeping Management

19. Hotel Accountancy

20. Hotel Engineering

21. Bar Management

22. Accommodation Operations

23. Kitchen Operations

24. Hospitality Sales and Marketing

25. Hotel and Tourism Economics

26. Nutrition, Food and Hygiene

27. Food Microbiology

28. Facilities Planning and Management

29. MIS in Hospitality Industry

30. Management of Tourism and Hospitality Industry

31. Hospitality Professional Services

32. Hospitality Administration and Manpower Development

33. Hospitality Project Management

34. Hospitality Management, Training and Development

35. Ecotourism and Environment

36. Tourism Planning : Approaches and Technologies

37. Tourism Ethics and Code of Conduct

38. Hotel Marketing

39. Food Science and Kitchen Safety

40. Food and Beverage Production

41. Catering Technology

42. Improving Hospitality Services

43. Catering Management

44. Culinary Facilities

45. Global Hospitality Management

46. Innovation in Hospitality Sector

47. Concepts of Tourism

48. Introduction to Ecotourism

49. Ecotourism Venues and Business

50. Ecotourism Planning and Development

51. Design of Ecotourism Facilities

52. Wildlife Tourism

53. Social and Cultural Aspects of Ecotourism

54. Researching Tourist Satisfaction

55. Remote Sensing and GIS

56. Principles of Nutrition

57. Nutrition, Diet and Wellness

58. Herbs and Natural Food Supplements

59. Nutritional Healing

60. SPA and Hospitality Operations

61. Wellness Industry,  Services and Treatments

62. Wellness Industry Finance

63. SPA Marketing and Branding

64. Green SPAs, Hotels and Resorts

65. History of Aviation

66. Aviation Hospitality Management

67. Flight Reservation and Ticketing

68. Ground Handling and Management

69. Cabin Safety and Security Management

70. Aircraft Finance and Marketing

71. Aircraft Typology

72. Aviation Disaster Management

73. Airport Security

74. Aviation Regulations

75. Indian Airports Management

76. Aviation and the Environment

77. Aviation Economics

78. Aircraft Maintenance

79. Civil Aviation Organisations

80. Airline Mergers and Acquisitions

81. Future of Aviation Industry

82. Aircraft Equipment and Processes

83. Flight Guidance Information System

84. Air Timetable and Ticketing Services

85. Aviation Marketing Management

86. Aircraft Accidents Mitigation

87. Airport Management Science

88. New Dimensions of Aviation Management

89. Tourism Geograpy

90. Cultural Tourism

91. Geotourism

92. Heritage Tourism

93. Hypermobility

94. Agri Tourism

95. Birth Tourism

96. Culinary Tourism

97. Extreme Tourism

98. LGBT Tourism

99. Medical Tourism

100.   Nautical Tourism

101.   Pop-culture Tourism

102.   Religious Tourism

103.   Sex Tourism

104.   Slum Tourism

105.   War Tourism

106.   Wellness Tourism

107.   Sustainable Tourism

108.   Pro-Poor Tourism

109.   Recession Tourism

110.   Educational Tourism

111.   Adventure Tourism

112.   Mountain Tourism

113.   Creative Tourism

114.   Dark Tourism

115.   Doom Tourism

116.   Space Tourism

117.   Sports Tourism

118.   Science Tourism

119.   Urban Tourism

120.   Rural Tourism

121.   Business Tourism

122.   Industrial Tourism

123.   Social Tourism

124.   Bicycle Tourism

125.   Virtual Tourism

126.   Accessible Tourism

127.   Alternative Tourism

128.   Atomic Tourism

129.   Benefit Tourism

130.   Birth Tourism

131.   Boat Tourism

132.   Christian Tourism

133.   Dental Tourism

134.   Disaster Tourism

135.   Domestic Tourism

136.   Drug Tourism

137.   Enotourism

138.   Escorted Tourism

139.   Excursion Tourism

140.   Experimental Tourism

141.   Extreme Tourism

142.   Female Sex Tourism

143.   Garden Tourism

144.   Genealogy Tourism

145.   Ghetto Tourism

146.   Halal Tourism

147.   Honeymoon Tourism

148.   Jungle Tourism

149.   Justice Tourism

150.   Kosher Tourism

151.   Libel Tourism

152.   Literary Tourism

153.   Militarism Heritage Tourism

154.   Motorcycle Tourism

155.   Nautical Tourism

156.   Package Tours

157.   Recreational Tourism

158.   Romance Tourism

159.   Sacred Tourism

160.   Safari Tourism

161.   Scenic Tourism

162.   Self Guided Tourism

163.   Shark Tourism

164.   Slum Tourism

165.   Stag Party Tourism

166.   Suicide Tourism

167.   Three Dimensional Virtual Tourism

168.   Tolkien Tourism

169.   Tourism Geography

170.   Walking Tour

171.   War Tourism

172.   Water Tourism

173.   Wellness Tourism


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